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Edo Culture- Orientation

Identification. "Edo" is the name that the people of the Benin Kingdom give to themselves, their language, and their capital city and kingdom. Renowned for their art of brass and ivory and for their complex political organization, the Edo Kingdom of Benin is one of the best known of the precolonial kingdoms on the Guinea Coast of West Africa. From at least the fifteenth century, the Benin Empire held varying degrees of authority over neighboring peoples, including the western Igbo, northeastern Yoruba, and various related Edo-speaking groups. In 1897 British-colonial forces conquered the kingdom and made it part of the Niger Protectorate. Today it

South Africa

Identification. South Africa is the only nation-state named after its geographic location; there was a general agreement not to change the name after the establishment of a constitutional nonracial democracy in 1994. The country came into being through the 1910 Act of Union that united two British colonies and two independent republics into the Union of South Africa. After the establishment of the first colonial outpost of the Dutch East India

Recasting Culture Policies


The Architectural and Townscape Heritage as a Factor Influencing Trends in Development


Jean Barthélemy

In addressing the complex role that culture can play in economic development, we must bring together a number of approaches from the greatest possible variety of viewpoints. Only the convergence of the studies resulting from these many lines of reasoning can lead to the

Women and Cultural Policies



Danielle Cliche, Ritva Mitchell, Andreas Joh. Wiesand 
European Research Institute for Comparative Cultural Policy and the Arts


1. Background


1.1 Purpose of the paper
In preparation for the UNESCO Intergovernmental Conference on Cultural and Media Policies for Development, to take place in Stockholm Sweden, 30 March to 2 April 1998, the Culture and Development Unit of UNESCO commissioned several background papers to elaborate global issues for each of the key themes to be discussed. Following the submission of these background papers, the issue of gender relations in the arts, media and cultural development required further elaboration, in view of the fact that it was taken up as a subject of key importance in

Women's Policy Institute

Women's Policy Institute

Much more effective than a single lobby group, the Women’s Policy Institute amplifies the voices of many women who are leading grassroots social justice work, training them on how legislation is made and connecting them to those in power.
Through our model of change, the leaders we support

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